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    try {
        throw new ExampleB("b")
    } catch(ExampleA e){
        System.out.println("ExampleA");
    } catch(Exception e){
        System.out.println("Exception");
    }
    

    输出:ExampleA。(根据里氏代换原则[能使用父类型的地方一定能使用子类型],抓取ExampleA类型异常的catch块能够抓住try块中抛出的ExampleB类型的异常)

     

    class Annoyance extends Exception {}
    class Sneeze extends Annoyance {}
    
    class Human {
    
        public static void main(String[] args) 
            throws Exception {
            try {
                try {
                    throw new Sneeze();
                } 
                catch ( Annoyance a ) {
                    System.out.println("Caught Annoyance");
                    throw a;
                }
            } 
            catch ( Sneeze s ) {
                System.out.println("Caught Sneeze");
                return ;
            }
            finally {
                System.out.println("Hello World!");
            }
        }
    }
    
    
     
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