try {
    throw new ExampleB("b")
} catch(ExampleA e){
    System.out.println("ExampleA");
} catch(Exception e){
    System.out.println("Exception");
}

输出:ExampleA。(根据里氏代换原则[能使用父类型的地方一定能使用子类型],抓取ExampleA类型异常的catch块能够抓住try块中抛出的ExampleB类型的异常)

 

class Annoyance extends Exception {}
class Sneeze extends Annoyance {}

class Human {

    public static void main(String[] args) 
        throws Exception {
        try {
            try {
                throw new Sneeze();
            } 
            catch ( Annoyance a ) {
                System.out.println("Caught Annoyance");
                throw a;
            }
        } 
        catch ( Sneeze s ) {
            System.out.println("Caught Sneeze");
            return ;
        }
        finally {
            System.out.println("Hello World!");
        }
    }
}

 
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