Linux 常用命令全拼

作者: Arvin Chen 分类: Linux 来源: Break易站(www.breakyizhan.com)
  •   Linux 命令大全
    • pwd: print work directory 打印当前目录 显示出当前工作目录的绝对路径
    • ps: process status(进程状态,类似于windows的任务管理器)

      常用参数:-auxf

      ps -auxf 显示进程状态

    • df: disk free 其功能是显示磁盘可用空间数目信息及空间结点信息。换句话说,就是报告在任何安装的设备或目录中,还剩多少自由的空间。
    • du: Disk usage
    • rpm:即RedHat Package Management,是RedHat的发明之一
    • rmdir:Remove Directory(删除目录)
    • rm:Remove(删除目录或文件)
    • cat: concatenate 连锁
    • cat file1file2>>file3 把文件1和文件2的内容联合起来放到file3中
    • insmod: install module,载入模块
    • ln -s : link -soft 创建一个软链接,相当于创建一个快捷方式
    • mkdir:Make Directory(创建目录)
    • touch: touch
    • man: Manual
    • su:Swith user(切换用户)
    • cd:Change directory
    • ls:List files
    • ps:Process Status
    • mkdir:Make directory
    • rmdir:Remove directory
    • mkfs: Make file system
    • fsck:File system check
    • uname: Unix name
    • lsmod: List modules
    • mv: Move file
    • rm: Remove file
    • cp: Copy file
    • ln: Link files
    • fg: Foreground
    • bg: Background
    • chown: Change owner
    • chgrp: Change group
    • chmod: Change mode
    • umount: Unmount
    • dd: 本来应根据其功能描述"Convert an copy"命名为"cc",但"cc"已经被用以代表"CComplier",所以命名为"dd"
    • tar:Tape archive (磁带档案)
    • ldd:List dynamic dependencies
    • insmod:Install module
    • rmmod:Remove module
    • lsmod:List module
    • 文件结尾的"rc"(如.bashrc、.xinitrc等):Resource configuration
    • Knnxxx /Snnxxx(位于rcx.d目录下):K(Kill);S(Service);nn(执行顺序号);xxx(服务标识)
    • .a(扩展名a):Archive,static library
    • .so(扩展名so):Shared object,dynamically linked library
    • .o(扩展名o):Object file,complied result of C/C++ source file
    • RPM:Red hat package manager
    • dpkg:Debian package manager
    • apt:Advanced package tool(Debian或基于Debian的发行版中提供)

    其他 Linux 命令缩写

    bin = Binaries (二进制文件)
    
    /dev = Devices (设备)
    
    /etc = Etcetera (等等)
    
    /lib = LIBrary
    
    /proc = Processes
    
    /sbin = Superuser Binaries (超级用户的二进制文件)
    
    /tmp = Temporary (临时)
    
    /usr = Unix Shared Resources
    
    /var = Variable (变量)
    
    FIFO = First In, First Out
    
    GRUB = GRand Unified Bootloader
    
    IFS= Internal Field Seperators
    
    LILO = LInux LOader
    
    MySQL = My 是最初作者女儿的名字,
    
    SQL = Structured QueryLanguage
    
    PHP = Personal Home Page Tools = PHP HypertextPreprocessor
    
    PS = Prompt String
    
    Perl = “Pratical Extraction and Report Language”(实际的抽取和报告语言) =”Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister”
    
    Python 得名于电视剧Monty Python’s Flying Circus
    
    Tcl = Tool Command Language
    
    Tk = ToolKit
    
    VT = Video Terminal
    
    YaST = Yet Another Setup Tool
    
    apache = “a patchy” server
    
    apt = Advanced Packaging Tool
    
    ar = archiver
    
    as = assembler
    
    awk = “Aho Weiberger and Kernighan”三个作者的姓的第一个字母
    
    bash = Bourne Again SHell
    
    bc = Basic (Better) Calculator
    
    bg = BackGround
    
    biff = 作者HeidiStettner在U.C.Berkely养的一条狗,喜欢对邮递员汪汪叫。
    
    cal = Calendar (日历)
    
    cat = Catenate (链接)
    
    cd = Change Directory
    
    chgrp = Change Group
    
    chmod = Change Mode
    
    chown = Change Owner
    
    chsh = Change Shell
    
    cmp = compare
    
    cobra = Common Object Request BrokerArchitecture
    
    comm = common
    
    cp = Copy
    
    cpio = CoPy In and Out
    
    cpp = C Pre Processor
    
    cron = Chronos 希腊文时间
    
    cups = Common Unix Printing System
    
    cvs = Current Version System
    
    daemon = Disk And Execution MONitor
    
    dc = Desk Calculator
    
    dd = Disk Dump (磁盘转储)
    
    df = Disk Free
    
    diff = Difference
    
    dmesg = diagnostic message
    
    du = Disk Usage
    
    ed = editor
    
    egrep = Extended GREP
    
    elf = Extensible Linking Format
    
    elm = ELectronic Mail
    
    emacs = Editor MACroS
    
    eval = EVALuate
    
    ex = EXtended
    
    exec = EXECute (执行)
    
    fd = file descriptors
    
    fg = ForeGround
    
    fgrep = Fixed GREP
    
    fmt = format
    
    fsck = File System ChecK
    
    fstab = FileSystem TABle
    
    fvwm = F*** Virtual Window Manager
    
    gawk = GNU AWK
    
    gpg = GNU Privacy Guard
    
    groff = GNU troff
    
    hal = Hardware Abstraction Layer
    
    joe = Joe’s Own Editor
    
    ksh = Korn SHell
    
    lame = Lame Ain’t an MP3 Encoder
    
    lex = LEXical analyser
    
    lisp = LISt Processing = Lots of IrritatingSuperfluous Parentheses
    
    ln = Link
    
    lpr = Line PRint
    
    ls = list
    
    lsof = LiSt Open Files
    
    m4 = Macro processor Version 4
    
    man = MANual pages
    
    mawk = Mike Brennan’s AWK
    
    mc = Midnight Commander
    
    mkfs = MaKe FileSystem
    
    mknod = Make Node
    
    motd = Message of The Day
    
    mozilla = MOsaic GodZILLa
    
    mtab = Mount TABle
    
    mv = Move
    
    nano = Nano’s ANOther editor
    
    nawk = New AWK
    
    nl = Number of Lines
    
    nm = names
    
    nohup = No HangUP
    
    nroff = New ROFF
    
    od = Octal Dump
    
    passwd = Passwd
    
    pg = pager
    
    pico = PIne’s message COmposition editor
    
    pine = “Program for Internet News &Email” = “Pine is not Elm”
    
    ping = 拟声 又 = Packet Internet Grouper
    
    pirntcap = PRINTer CAPability
    
    popd = POP Directory
    
    pr = pre
    
    printf = Print Formatted
    
    ps = Processes Status
    
    pty = pseudo tty
    
    pushd = PUSH Directory
    
    pwd = Print Working Directory
    
    rc = runcom = run command, rc还是plan9的shell
    
    rev = REVerse
    
    rm = ReMove
    
    rn = Read News
    
    roff = RunOFF
    
    rpm = RPM Package Manager = RedHat PackageManager
    
    rsh, rlogin, rvim中的
    
    r = Remote
    
    rxvt = ouR XVT
    
    seamoneky = 我
    
    sed = Stream Editor
    
    seq = SEQuence
    
    shar = Shell ARchive
    
    slrn = S-Lang rn
    
    ssh = Secure Shell
    
    ssl = Secure Sockets Layer
    
    stty = Set TTY
    
    su = Substitute User
    
    svn = SubVersion
    
    tar = Tape ARchive
    
    tcsh = TENEX C shell
    
    tee = T (T形水管接口)
    
    telnet = TEminaL over Network
    
    termcap = terminal capability
    
    terminfo = terminal information
    
    tex = τέχνη的缩写,希腊文art
    
    tr = traslate
    
    troff = Typesetter new ROFF
    
    tsort = Topological SORT
    
    tty = TeleTypewriter
    
    twm = Tom’s Window Manager
    
    tz = TimeZone
    
    udev = Userspace DEV
    
    ulimit = User’s LIMIT
    
    umask = User’s MASK
    
    uniq = UNIQue
    
    i = VIsual = Very Inconvenient
    
    vim = Vi IMproved
    
    wall = write all
    
    wc = Word Count
    
    wine = WINE Is Not an Emulator
    
    xargs = eXtended ARGuments
    
    xdm = X Display Manager
    
    xlfd = X Logical Font Description
    
    xmms = X Multimedia System
    
    xrdb = X Resources DataBase
    
    xwd = X Window Dump
    
    yacc = yet another compiler compiler
    
    Fish = the Friendly Interactive SHell
    
    su = Switch User
    
    MIME = Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
    
    ECMA = European Computer ManufacturersAssociation
  •   Linux 命令大全
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